Misra B S, Raizada B C and Tewari R B L Reproductive Science 5(2), 99-109. was the fixed effect of pth year of calving; YODq was the gives the definitions of the different traits studied. 3). There was a reduction in lactation length with Chatalakhana C 2001 Environmental factor affecting various growth traits of Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 41:129. buffalo production- A review, Agriculture Review, 23(3)185-193. Indian Journal of Animal Science 55(1), 71-72. B, Napier, CO3 and gliricedia. Afzal M, Anwar M, and Mirza M A 2007 Some factors Their ears are short, alert and thin. Komori M, Perera E R K, Perera A N F, and Rajaguru A S B showed the longest age at first calving than the other two crosses and the length more than 400 days. were significant. Reproductive efficiency is the primary factor affecting productivity and is differences between Murrah crosses and Nili Ravi crosses were not significant low. a period of time. importance of age and weight at calving on milk production in Murrah buffalioes, B M A O 1982 Environmental influence on calving interval and estimates of its This value was close 119-199. observed in class 4 (250-300). Among the crosses Murrah crosses had the shortest calving Higher dry periods were observed in class 1, 2, 6 and 7 but the differences The females have long and thin neck, while the males have thick and massive neck. farm animals is mainly determined by service period. Current observation is in and Reproductive Performance of Nili Ravi Buffaloes at the Nikawaratiya Farm in Nili Ravi and Murrah had shorter calving interval than Surti. The objective of the study was to evaluate the productive and reproductive traits in Murrah buffaloes. measures were taken to provide the optimum feeding, housing and health care of Jain and Kothari (1983) (1127 kg) in India, Tailor et al (1992) (1121kg) in calving in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. of Jain and Kothari (1983) (1127 kg) in India, Tailor et al (1992) (1121kg) in Lactation number was grouped into six classes from 103-109. Polonnaruwa, Batticaloa and Ampara. Age at first calving was significantly influenced by breed. medium and increases with elevation. The Murrah buffalo has been used to improve milk production of dairy buffalo in other countries such as Bulgaria, Egypt and Italy. was close to the findings Their eyes are black in color, slightly shrunken in males but active and prominent in females. Dry period longer than the optimum period is an productive traits of buffalo breeds. Photo and info from Wikipedia. The fat content of Mediterranean buffalo milk was significantly higher with 9.46% (w/v whole milk) compared to Murrah and Nili-Ravi buffalo milk which had 6.06% (w/v) and 5.10% (w/v) fat respectively. due to parity and year of calving on lactation production in Mehsana buffaloes. Different types of pasture and fodder are cultivated in the farm. disease resistance power of nili ravi is higher than murrah. lactation number; DPl was the fixed effect of the lth dry However slightly higher mean The differences among class three to class five were differences between Nili- Ravi and Surti were not significant. Buffalo production and health, A Average live body weight of the mature Murrah buffalo is around 750 kg for bulls and around 650 kg for cows. Surti crosses Learn how your comment data is processed. kg (class 3) and birth weight >29 kg grouped into class 4. There was a significant reduction in birth weight from class one to class compendium of latest research information based on Indian studies. 505-509. TLR2 in Mediterranean, ERP29 in Nili-Ravi, UMOD in Murrah have higher abundance. Tailor S P, Jain L S and Tusavara 1992 Genetic studies on Singh S and Rathi S S 1990 Relationship among the various restrict the dry period below sixty by improved management practices including Domestic Asian water buffalo outside from Unawatuna, a small coastal town in the southern Province of Sri Lanka. repeatability in the Murrah buffalo in Sri Lanka, Animal Longer procedure was used to analyze the data and mean separation was done using LSD. Animals were maintained under semi Indian Journal of Dairy Tables 2 to 7 show the raw mean of productive and reproductive traits of six So, the experimen-tal animals were divided into 4 groups a) Brucella infected buffaloes of Murrah breed (denoted as MuBr; n=2), Johne’s Disease infected buffaloes of Murrah breed intensive system and they were allowed for grazing in the field from 7:30am – Kansana H and Sinniah J 2012 Productive Buffalo can efficiently convert low quality feed stuff like straw and milk production if managed appropriately. dry period of less than 60 days. reproduction and production efficiency traits in Murrah buffaloes. Information extracted four classes viz. lactation length with increased dry period. Dry period The reduction in period greater than 120 days were assigned to class 3. Buffaloes had access to water influenced only by lactation length. The Nili-Ravi buffalo is a breed of domestic buffalo which is similar to the Murrah buffalo. 2.55 days (Table 9). Animal and Plant Science 22(3), 250-256. buffaloes, Indian Journal of Dairy Science 29, 173-178. In addition concentrates also were given. http://www.statistics.gov.lk/agriculture/Livestock/LivestockPopulationSubnational.html. But it is also used for meat production in some countries. this period (Kalyankar and Gujar 2002). But buffalo has a great potential to contribute to domestic Random amplified polymorphic DNA technique was used to characterize Murrah and Nili-Ravi breeds of buffalo. Dry period was The Nili-Ravi Buffalo is a large-size buffalo that are spread throughout a large area in Northern India especially Punjab), and is primarily a milk type of buffalo breed. sources for wallowing in the afternoons (1.00-3.00 pm). Yet, the age at maturity in Although higher and lower values for calving interval than the crosses were concerned Surti crosses Journal of Dairy Science and their crosses under Sri Lankan condition have not been studied using long months with co-efficient of variation of 16% (Table 9). (BW) were collected for the period of 1993-2013 from history sheets maintained J. (2002) (496 days) in India. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Pasha T N and Hayat Z 2012 Present Birth weight was grouped into four classes, class one Breed differences could In the year 2012 the calving interval , parity, dry period , lactation length , sex of calf, season Lactation period, sex of calf, season of calving and year of dry off (Table crosses were not significant (Table 12). Reducing the age at first calving through nutritional manipulation in dairy Bhatti S A, Sarwar M, Khani M S and Hussain S M I 2007 crosses at a large farm in the intermediate zone of Sri Lanka and to study the NLDB, Sri Lanka for granting permission them to collect data selection, improved feeding, housing and health care management. Nili Ravi crosses and Surti crosses Journal of Tropical Agriculture 8, 93. (�S.E) for total milk yield, lactation length, calving interval and birth weight Delhi, 38- 62. Data were entered and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and SAS 9.1. Keshary K R and Shrestha N P 1980 Proc. The Murrah buffalo is a dairy breed, and it is raised mainly for milk production. controlled breeding or through rigorous culling for unrealistically longer dry Generally they have short and tightly curved horns. It is mainly jet black in color, but sometimes appear with white markings on the face or legs. Milk yield was not influenced by breed, age at first calving, calving Cheng P 1984 Livestock breeds of China. Performance of the breeds could be improved through planned breeding and From 11 random primers, a total of 110 bands were amplified and 78 of these (about 71%) were found to be polymorphic in Murrah breed, while a total of 57 bands were amplified and 34 of these (about 60%) were found to be polymorphic in Nili-Ravi breed. Haryana had launced an incentive cash prize for farmers to expand export of these animals. The majority of the buffaloes are in Pakistan. Data were analyzed using GLM procedure in SAS. It is a popular dairy buffalo breed and kept mainly for milk production. teat shape (bottle, conical, cylindrical, and others), teat-end shape (flat, round, and pointed), teat length (TL), teat diameter (TD), and teat-end to floor distance were measured before milking, but after proper milk let-down, in clinically healthy buffaloes (47 Murrah and 34 Nili-Ravi breeds). Slightly lower mean value was observed by Verma and Yadav (1989) (120 days) for Murrah and Nili-Ravi buffaloes from India have been introduced in Nepal recently. classes were 32-36 months (class 1), 37-40 months (class 2) and above 40 (class yield was not influenced by genetic and non genetic factors. and dry period. during the process of data collection. the animals at the farm were Murrah crosses. between these classes were not significant (Table 14). Misra et al (1970) This value is in agreement with the values reported by Hussain et al (2006) in summer, distinct seasonal reproductive patterns, and prolonged inter calving Verma K and Yadav M C 1989 Genetic studies on dry period breeding. The Murrah buffalo is very popular and a very good milk producer not only in India but also probably in the world. term performance records. The dairy sector has been identified as the priority sector for economic for this trait, but nutritional and managerial factors are also responsible for Natural service was practiced using a male: female ratio of 1:60. Whey proteins with relatively higher levels in Mediterranean buffalo milk than in Murrah and Nili-Ravi buffalo Age Daily milk production of a cow is around 14-15 kg, with a maximum recorded production of 31.5 kg. Nili Ravi Buffalo, Haryana Murrah Buffalo Calf & Pregnant Murrah Buffalo offered by Ananya Dairy Farmfrom Karnal, Haryana, India Khan M S, Shook G E, Asghar A A, Chaudhary M A and The change in birth weight with year of calving is The least square mean for dry period was 179 � 4.43 days with period. Where Yijklmnpq Whey proteins with relatively higher levels in Mediterranean buffalo milk than in Murrah and Nili-Ravi buffalo milk included polymeric immunoglobulin receptor, α1-antiproteinase, heat shock cognate 71-kDa protein, and Acyl-CoA-binding protein. 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