0000055953 00000 n Some early churches referred to the Holy Spirit in feminine terms. Jürgen Moltmann's The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation, In the following quotation from Moltmann's The Spirit of Life: A Universal Affirmation, several examples of feminine and maternal images of God are discussed in a polemic explaining why Moltmann believes that the Holy Spirit should be "termed a 'feminine' Spirit." 0000001658 00000 n In 1744 this finding was elevated to the rank of community doctrine. ��f����_~1n�q\K/F�������ɤ�N�C�rh���Oc/ͽ�)h�NAs��R%��� 4c*��NA3���+̣ _�< Additionally, does this Divine Femininity open the door to an affirmation of Mariology as exemplified by Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy?  A simple search of the Bible reveals that the Divine Femininity appears frequently! 0000043021 00000 n An interpreter of Paul must understand his metaphors in order to arrive at a complete understanding of the Pauline pneumatological perspective. But more important than these speculative possibilities is the new definition of what it means for human beings to be the image of God. One of the common images is God as a mother bird sheltering her children under her wings. Unless, like Ludwig Feuerbach, we wish to cast the image aside altogether as a pure projection of a family idyll, it does offer interesting corrective possibilities, if we compare it with the other pictures of the Trinity - Irenaeus's image of the One God with two hands, for example. Nothing is said about a bearded old man in flowing white robes. 0000008719 00000 n It is believed that early Christians buried works such as the Gospel of Thomas so that they would not be des… Men and women are 'born anew' from the Spirit. Aphraates is an early witness. 0000016807 00000 n Jul 31, 2020 - Explore Kathleen Ellinger, OFS's board "Holy Spirit Images" on Pinterest. But also in Genesis 1:2 the Spirit is the Spirit of God and “God” there is a masculine plural noun. In the Greek translations of these Gnostic text, 'Mother' is then often already replaced by 'Holy Spirit'. The biblical grounds Zinzendorf contributes was inspired by the era of 'sensibility' - the cultivation of the feelings - which was now beginning. In Moltmann's view, the Holy Spirit is not subjugated to the Son or the Father, because the Holy Spirit appears besides the Father as the Divine Mother of the Divine Family, such that the Father and the Holy Spirit (as Mother) exclude both Patriarchy and Matriarchy. 0000007136 00000 n If the Holy Spirit is 'the Comforter' (Paraclete), it comforts 'as a mother comforts'. Here God is experienced, not as the liberation Lord but as 'the well of life'. In the Syrian version of the poem we find the prayers: 'Come merciful Mother' and 'Come, giver of life'. Ephrem The Syrians Use of Female Metaphors to Describe the Deity Ephrem The Syrians Use of Female Metaphors to Describe the Deity 2001-11-01 00:00:00 by Kathleen E. McVey The rich symbolic poetry of Ephrem the Syrian is beginning to be appreciated more widely. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1993. 0000062510 00000 n November 29th, 2020 Interviews with Rabbi Isaac VandeWalle, then head rabbi at Cnesses Israel Congregation, Green Bay, WI, summer 1978. The famous Fifty Homilies of Makarios the mystic come from the sphere of Syrian Christianity, and they inspired and influenced both the Orthodox churches and the churches of the West. Both the Father and the Mother are hence liberated, and they are liberated in the Son (Jesus Christ), such that the Son (Jesus Christ) also is not subjugated to the Father or Mother (Holy Spirit). Question: "Is the Holy Spirit a "He," "She," or “It,” male, female, or neuter?" Desert father Makarios the poem we find the prayers: 'Come merciful mother ' and 'Come, giver life! Is an early Christian non-canonical sayings Gospel me up two questions produce New problems, the word meaning,,! 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