The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is distributed widely in temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical regions of the world. Adults lay eggs on plants, and maggots feed inside the fruit, causing rotting. The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is a very The melon fly has a wide host range but is a serious pest of cucurbits (cucumbers, pumpkins, squash, and melons). Any type of fruit, juice, soda, or other sweet item will provide a great incentive for fruit flies to fly into your trap. Plant Injury. Abstract. Aphids and melon fruit flies are the major pests that attack melons. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. Spinosad is a natural insecticide with desirable qualities, and it is widely used as an alternative to organophosphates for control of pests such as the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett). James Fyfe. Fruit flies like to live and breed in warm, damp spaces. The Ethiopian fruit fly (EFF), Dacus ciliatus, is a key, invasive pest of melons in the Middle East. Unsold fruit should be buried at least 75cm and lime should be added to kill pupae. Such sprays are intended for fruit fly control and are most effective when used with other suppression methods. Fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a wide variety of fruit and vegetable crops. To monitor fruit fly activity hang male lure traps under the shady canopy, where flies tend to rest. Proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is a recommended method of controlling adult melon fly populations in the vicinity of crops. If you see any unusual fruit flies in your orchard contact the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline Fruit flies (Bactrocera cucurbitae, Dacus spp and Ceratitis capitata) Fruit flies are important pests of watermelons and other cucurbits. The development cycle of the flies. Hundreds of Melon fruit fly traps are distributed throughout the county. Only when the fruits are damaged, cracked or over-ripe some damage may occur. Thus, it is a preventative ap- proach to which the concept of threshold levels and re-active insect con- trol does not apply. management of fruit flies. Chemicals for fighting the melon fly. These regulations quarantine part of Los Angeles County, CA, because of the melon fruit fly and restrict the interstate movement of regulated articles from the quarantined area. Don’t forget to check your trash cans for any signs of fruit fly activity. Keeping in view the above facts, the present study was conducted with the following objectives: 1) To study population dynamic and percent infestation of fruit flies. High priority pest of: Avocados, Papaya, Passionfruit, Mangoes, Melons, Summerfruit, Vegetables Scientific name: Zeugodacus cucurbitae EPPRD Category: Life Form: Flies & Midges (DIPTERA) Pest Documents. Melon fruit fly found in Kern County Farmers and ag officials will gather at the UC Cooperative Extension office in Kern County at 6 p.m. Wednesday to discuss the recent discovery of five melon fruit flies southeast of Bakersfield, according to an article in Western Farm Press. All melon fly traps are checked every 2 weeks by agriculture inspectors to assure our county is … Papayas grown in Hawaii are infested with four species of fruit flies: the Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis), the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae), and the Malaysian fruit fly (Bactrocera latifrons). The melon fly. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of crops. Large numbers of flies can be expected after good falls of summer rain; fruit flies become active after periods of rain or high humidity. Fruit quality is also impacted by the lowering of soluble sugars in the fruit and by the contamination of fruit with honeydew which gives rise to sooty mold. The most effective method of melon fly control is to bag fruit immediately after pollination. Journal of Economic Entomology, 72(1):6-7. These cardboard "Jackson" traps contain a pheromone to lure male flies where they become trapped on a sticky board insert. Management and Control : Whitefly populations will build in cotton and alfalfa, so growers should pay particularly close attention to melons planted downwind or adjacent to these fields. Try one of these bait ideas ranked from most to least effective: 19/10/2020. To monitor the potential for development of resistance, information about the current levels of tolerance to spinosad in melon fly populations were established in this study. The melon fly and the Oriental fruit fly are the most commonly found fruit flies on Maui. Resistance of pineapple varieties D-10 and D-20 to field populations of oriental fruit flies and melon flies. Removing all melons from the field is very important. Oriental fruit fly originates from Asia and has invaded various parts of Africa including Uganda and other tropical countries. Similarly, pumpkin, zucchini and some other cucurbit crops are less susceptible to the melon flies. Introduction The fruit fly control project in Taiwan was improved by (1) establishing an island-wide 10-day interval fruit fly density monitoring system since 1994, (2) controlling the quality of the lure, and (3) testing better field application strategies. The fruit fly maggots feed inside the fruit causing … They are about 4-7 mm long, they pierce the fruits and lay eggs in fruits. 301 by adding a new subpart 301.97, ``Melon fruit fly'' (referred to below as the regulations). Queensland fruit fly damage is more severe during mid and late summer than at other times. The chemicals used for melon fly control have been used as 1) toxicants in baits applied to refugia of the fruit flies and 2) sprays applied to the crop. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. Use of Protein Bait for Melon fly and Fruit fly control Bactrocera cucurbitae . Dusting the soil underneath the melon with carbaryl may give some additional control. Dacus ciliatus is commonly controlled in Israel with repeated calendar-sprayings (every 15 days) of pyrethroid pesticides. The first report on melon fruit flies was published by Bezzi (1913), who listed 39 species from India. The melon fly is a dangerous pest of melons and gourds. We developed and implemented a novel decision support system (DSS) to manage this pest in a greenhouse environment in Southern Israel. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a flowering plant species of the Cucurbitaceae family . Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Recognize the problem Most fruits and vegetables are attacked by the fruit fly and melon fly which cause direct yield loss. Diagnostic records of the Plant Health Diagnostic Services, Plant Health Centre, Agri-food & Veterinary Authority, Singapore. female fruit flies. Nearly 250 species are of economic importance, and are distributed widely in temperate, sub-tropical, and tropical regions of the world (Christenson and Foote, 1960). Additional details of the research can be found in the report for the parent CRIS 5320-22430- 021-00D, Detection, Control, and Areawide Management of Fruit Flies. What are fruit flies? It has been reported to damage 81 host plants and is a major pest of cucurbitaceous vegetables, particularly the bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), muskmelon (Cucumis melo), snap melon (C. melo var. The adults of fruit fly … Also in Taiwan, fenthion and malathion have been the recommended insecticides for control of melon fruit fly control since the 1970s. A native of Asia, melon fruit flies' only U.S. home currently is in Hawaii. Domestic supply of watermelon won't ... Watermelons could be in 'short supply' after fruit fly discovery prompts suspension of imports. There are four species of fruit fly found in Hawaii; the melon fly, the oriental fruit fly, the Mediterranean fruit fly, and the solanaceous fruit fly. The Melon fruit fly is visible to the naked eye so you should keep a look out for small orange-brown coloured fruit flies, especially around fallen or damaged fruit. Add fruit fly bait. In Hawaii, pumpkin and squash have been heavily attacked even before the fruit had set, with eggs laid into unopened male and female flowers, with larvae successfully developing in the taproots, stems and leaf stalks. Melon fly infestations can result in control costs, crop damage, and loss of market access. Dacine fruit flies (Fletcher, 1987). Traps may also help you look for fruit flies in your orchard. The melon fly Bactrocera cucurbitae is an important pest of cucurbits in Mauritius. Fruit flies feed on anything sugary, so you have a lot of options at your disposal. Many tropical fruits such as Mangosteen, Rambutan and langsat are least damaged by fruit flies. Small whitish larvae (grubs) emerge from eggs laid on fruits. AVA, 2001. Farmers normally use regular cover sprays (with various products) to control insect pests (including melon fly) on these crops. Various scientists worked on different methods for the control of melon fruit flies separately, but not in a collective manner [6]-[11]-[13]. Forty-three species have been described Page 5 Fruit fly Management However, mass trapping is a technique best applied at low pest levels and continued over long periods of time. GF-120 Fruit Fly Bait Concentrate®, a combination of protein bait and spinosad insecticide is very safe to humans. We have continued our research on the development of an improved lure for melon fly using new controlled release formulation of melolure. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. In common with some other species in Bactrocera, the melon fly can attack flowers, fruit, stems and roots. Sri Lanka Share . A scrambling and trailing vine-like plant, it was originally domesticated in Africa.It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, with more than 1,000 varieties.. 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