a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. were some, as this good man, for whom he might have, on some might be Judah, the same with Epaenetus, in Greek. On the other hand, H. Gamble (The Textual History of the Letter to the Romans [SD], 123-32) argues for the position of the doxology at 14:23, since to put the doxology at 16:25 would violate Paul’s normal pattern of a grace-benediction at the close of the letter. Salute my well beloved Epaenetus; for though all the saints were beloved by the apostle, yet there were some, as this good man, for whom he might have, on some account or another, a particular affection; as our Lord, as man, had for his disciple John, though he loved all his disciples. Romans 16:5 Context. See also David Hill, Greek Words and Hebrew Meaning (London: Cambridge University Press, 1967), p.83. John Piper Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Greet my dear friend Epenetus, 1 who was the first convert 2 to Christ in the province of Asia. Preaching the good news is a responsibility of all Christian ministers. See on Acts 2:9 This is adduced as an argument that this chapter was addressed to Ephesus. As he sat, he heard children playing a game and they called out to each other these words: “Take up and read! Romans 16:5. rom 16:5. Therefore they had nothing at that time resembling the papacy. that is, either he was one of the chief and principal for gifts and grace, or one of the first that was converted to Christ in He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come. a. Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. But as a general rule, among the rest of the world’s population, salvation begins when people repent of their sins and trust Christ. Scripture: Romans 16:5–16. Watch Out for Those Who Lead You Away from the Truth. 7 Ibid., v. 16:5. Romans 16:5 No matter how you look at it, the church in the home, the Twig, is the lifeline of the Word and it’s the truth of Christianity. The church in their house is also mentioned Co1 16:19. Romans 5:16 Context. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: 4 Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles. Further, verse 21 seems rather redundant if κτίσις is understood to mean "man" (or "human") rather than "creation". (Comp. 3 NIV ©: Greet also the church that meets at their house. disciples, and bishop of Carthage; (See Gill on Luke speak to one another of the things of God, and build up one In the summer of 386, a young man wept in the backyard of a friend. Revelation 19:8; see on Romans 5:18. Romans 16:5. κατʼ οἷκον, in the house) When any Christian was the possessor of a spacious mansion, he gave it as a place for meeting together. house of Stephanas are said to be the firstfruits of Achaia, ( One wonders at the number of them, considering that the writer had never been at Rome. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. Romans 16 is the final passage in Paul's long letter to the Christians in Rome. (Compare Ac 2:17, 18 with study note on Ro 11:13.) Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. The "first-fruits" were a small part of the harvest, which was first gathered and offered to the Lord; Exodus 22:29; Exodus 23:16; Leviticus 2:12; Deuteronomy 18:4. Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Extant inscriptions testify to the existence of nearly eighty of these, each consisting of the members of a different trade or profession, or united in the worship of some deity. We also know this from the verses which speak of Paul persecuting "the church" (1 Cor. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: kai ten kat' oikon auton ekklesian. The church that is in their house - Aquila and Priscilla are mentioned Act 18:26 as having received "Apollos" into their family, to instruct him more perfectly. But this hinders not but that Epaenetus 15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. (See Ho 9:10; Mic 7:1). aspasasthe Epaineton ton agapeton mou, os estin aparche tes Asias eis Christon.. BGT Romans 16:5 καὶ τὴν κατ᾽ οἶκον αὐτῶν ἐκκλησίαν. The God of Peace Will Soon Crush Satan Under Your Feet. Here, we see a mention of the church which was in their house. Nov 12, 2006. Achaia - See the note at Romans 15:26. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind. Romans 16 !4 of !21 • Finally in vs.30-33 Paul explains his future missionary plans and the opportunity the Romans have to be involved in that work • This is a very traditional missionary fundraising approach, or at least it has become traditional In vs.14-16 Paul begins in defense of his mission, but starts Compare John Mark (Acts 12:12); Justus (Acts 1:23); Niger (Acts 13:1); Crispus (Acts 18:8). A Greek name, meaning praised. 15:9; Phil. Corinthians 16:19 ) ; or the saints at Rome, who used to meet Romans 16:5 Greet also the church that meets at their house. account or another, a particular affection; as our Lord, as man, By way of disclaimer, I have not done an in-depth study of Romans or of this verse in particular. Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ." had for his disciple John, though he loved all his disciples. 1:1 and 1 Tim. 16:5 Salute the church that is in their house - Aquila had been driven from Rome in the reign of Claudius, but was now returned, and performed the same part there which Caius did at Corinth, Romans 16:23 .Chapter Overview:Where any Christian had a large house, there they all assembled together though as yet the Christians at Rome had neither bishops nor deacons. who was now removed to Rome. Here, we see a mention of the church which was in their house. Romans 16:5, KJV: "Likewise greet the church that is in their house. When Paul called Phoebe “a minister of the congregation,” he apparently made reference to the Christian ministry, the spreading of the good news. and consisting entirely or chiefly of religious persons; for when Romans 16:5, ESV: "Greet also the church in their house. 6 Keener, Romans, v. 16:3. This led to the use of the catacombs, or of buildings erected over them for this purpose. Greet Epaenetus, my beloved, who is the first convert to Christ from Asia. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. Romans 16:5 "Likewise [greet] the church that is in their house. 1 Corinthians 16:19 "The churches of Asia salute you. There is one of this name, said to be one of the seventy disciples, and bishop of Carthage; See Gill on Luke 10:1. Who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ; that is, either he was one of the chief and principal for gifts and grace, or one of the first that was converted to Christ in those parts: the allusion is to the firstfruits under the law, which were offered unto the Lord, and were pledges of, and sanctified the rest. Romans 16:5 Context. Κατʼ οἷκον, in the house) When any Christian was the possessor of a spacious mansion, he gave it as a place for meeting together. If he was a Jew, his Jewish name the name of Christ, and for the worship of him, and among whom The Vulgate Latin, instead of Achaia, reads "Asia": and so it is read in the Alexandrian copy, and others: the reason of this different reading seems to be, because the house of Stephanas are said to be the firstfruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians 16:15. The Christian congregations were, therefore, dependent upon the hospitality of prominent church members who furnished their own houses for this purpose. It contains four sections: his greetings to specific people in Rome, a quick and urgent warning about the danger of false teachers, greetings from those who are with him in Corinth, and a final hymn of praise to God called a doxology. An early convert of the Roman province of Asia. Greet also the church that meets at their house. Romans 16 – Greetings to the Christians in Rome A. Greetings to many different Christians. of Scripture: Romans 16:17–20. https://bible.org/seriespage/lesson-106-snapshot-church-romans-161-16-21-23 Greet my dear friend Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. Numerous guilds or clubs existed at Rome for furnishing proper burial rites to the poor. Romans 16:5. of Achaia unto Christ—The true reading here, as appears by the manuscripts, is, "the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ"—that is, Proconsular Asia (see Ac 16:6). If being "in Christ" has the technical meaning that is found in Galatians 3:27-28 (being "in Christ"=being in the church), then according to Romans 16:7 the church must have begun prior to Acts 9. Salute my well beloved Epænetus, who is the first-fruits—that is, the first convert. Corinthians 16:15 ) . Romans 16 Do Not Pass Judgment on One Another 14 As for m the one who is weak in faith , welcome him , but not to quarrel over opinions . aspasasthe Epaineton ton agapeton mou, os estin aparche tes Asias eis Christon.. BGT Romans 16:5 καὶ τὴν κατ᾽ οἶκον αὐτῶν ἐκκλησίαν. At the end of his letter to the Romans, the apostle Paul greets a small number of friends, including Epaenetus, whom he calls his beloved and first-fruits of Achaia unto Christ (Romans 16:5).. And that's all we know about this … 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: 4 Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles. sanctified the rest. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. A similar gathering may be implied in Romans 16:14, Romans 16:15. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Salute my well beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ." The best texts read of Asia. those parts: the allusion is to the firstfruits under the law, (NASB: Lockman)Greek: os men (gar) krinei (3SPAI) hemeran par hemeran, os de krinei (3SPAI) pasan hemeran: hekastos en to idio noi plerophoreistho (3SPPM).. Amplified: One man esteems one day as better than another, while another … Salute.—The same word in the Greek is translated indifferently by “salute” and “greet,” an unnecessary caprice. Salute my well beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ." well as Rome; see ( 1 Romans 16:5. 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. Likewise greet the church that is in their The church as such was never meant to be what we today have become so acclimatized to and say, well that is the church, meaning a building, usually with a cross on the top or something. Scripture: Romans 16:17–20. Hitherto the believers at Rome had neither bishops nor ministers. Salute my welbeloued Epenetus, which is the first fruite of Achaia in Christe. (1-2) A recommendation of Phoebe. In allusion to this, Paul calls Epenetus the first-fruits of the great spiritual harvest which had been gathered in Achaia. “Likewise greetthe church that is in their house. 1:13). Nov 5, 2006. In 1Co 16:15 it is said that "the household of Stephanas was the first-fruit of Achaia"; and though if Epænetus was one of that family, the two statements might be reconciled according to the received text, there is no need to resort to this supposition, as that text is in this instance without authority. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: kai ten kat' oikon auton ekklesian. 16:5 My greetings also to the church that meets at their house. (c) For he was the first of Achaia that believed in Christ: and this type of speech is an allusion to the ceremonies of the law. So Romans 1:32, where Rev. Romans 16:5-16 New International Version (NIV) 5 Greet also the church that meets at their house. None of the names mentioned from Ro 16:5-15 are otherwise known. The word is sometimes rendered ordinance, Hebrews 9:1, Hebrews 9:10; an appointment of God having the force of law. 2 I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for … John Piper Nov 5, 2006 421 Shares Sermon. Romans 16:5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. This name and those which follow are chiefly "Greek," but we know little of the persons mentioned, except what is here recorded. the reason of this different reading seems to be, because the which were offered unto the Lord, and were pledges of, and The Epistle to the Romans or Letter to the Romans, often shortened to Romans, is the sixth book in the New Testament.Biblical scholars agree that it was composed by Paul the Apostle to explain that salvation is offered through the gospel of Jesus Christ.It is the longest of the Pauline epistles. By “firstfruits of Asia” is meant one of the first converts won over to Christianity in Asia. Romans 8:19ff can actually be interpreted as a discussion of how the two are related. ), Salute - The same word before translated "greet.". Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendatio… It is, however; impossible to infer the nationality from the name with any certainty, since it was common for the Jews to have a second name, which they adopted during their residence in heathen countries. Ephesus was the capital, and the seven “churches in Asia” to which St. John wrote in the Apocalypse—Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea—were the most central and important of its cities. Romans 16:1-5 New International Version (NIV) Personal Greetings. This may mean either the church that was accustomed to assemble for worship at their hospitable mansion; or it may mean their own family with their guests, regarded as a "church." another in their most faith; and from their gathering together in Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ.” might be so too, for he might be one of the family of Stephanas, Romans 16:5 "Likewise [greet] the church that is in their house. 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. Romans 14:5 One person regards one day above another, another * regards every day alike. 1. his presence, according to his promise, was, they are called a Take up and read!”b. (Romans 16:5-6 NIV) Epaenetus was never forgotten, for he was the first one to believe the gospel when Paul came to the province of Asia, of which Ephesus was the capital. What does Romans 5:13 mean? The Vulgate Latin, instead of Achaia, reads There is one of this name, said to be one of the seventy 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. 6 Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. Greet Epaenetus, my beloved, who is the first convert to Christ from Asia. This may mean either the church that was accustomed to assemble for worship at their hospitable mansion; or it may mean their own family with their guests, regarded as a "church." Andronicus and Junia – Romans 16:5-7. Who is the first-fruits - One who first embraced Christianity under my preaching in Achaia. TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT To get what Romans 16:5 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. 1 Who is the first-fruits, of Achaia unto Christ: members of the house-church of Aquila and Prisca, a first-fruit, one of the first converted, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Hence their places of assembly were not called temples until late; but houses of God; houses of the churches; houses of prayer. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. “Some have therefore developed the theory that these greetings were in reality sent to Ephesus, not Rome…the names fit Rome better than Ephesus, and if Paul had sent this list of greetings to Ephesus, it would have been too short rather than too long.” for though all the saints were beloved by the apostle, yet there All rights reserved. This does not mean that the Lord can’t save whomsoever he might choose, even unborn children and those whose minds have been lost, or perhaps never even found. Firstfruits of Achaia.—For “Achaia” we ought certainly to read “Asia”—i.e., the Roman province of Asia, a broad strip of territory including the whole western end of the peninsula of Asia Minor, from the Propontis in the north, to Lycia in the south. Therefore they had nothing at that time resembling the papacy. Who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ; Romans 16:5 also greet the church that is in their house. 10:1). 1 Greetings Romans 16:5-16 ABC 11/19/17 Fame has been defined as the condition of being known or talked about by many people, especially on account of notable achievements.1 It can be for something good or for something bad. 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. Romans 16:5. 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. (b) The company of the faithful, for in so great a city as that was, there were different companies. The expression here denotes, not the whole church, but that portion of it which met at Aquila's house. Likewise greet the church that is in their house; Salute my well-beloved Epenetus: Epenetus. ROMANS 'CP' denotes 'compare passage' 1:1-4 What does it mean that Jesus was declared to be the Son of God by His resurrection from the dead? Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. gives ordinance for judgment, and Romans 2:26, ordinances for righteousness. If he was a Jew, his Jewish name might be Judah, the same with Epaenetus, in Greek. they were in other places they had a church in their house as Salem Media Group. Greet my beloved Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. But this hinders not but that Epaenetus might be so too, for he might be one of the family of Stephanas, who was now removed to Rome. Eventually (10 or 20 years from now), I will write a commentary on Romans, but there are numerous commentaries I need to write first , before I have the courage to tackle Romans. But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome. Proud member Romans 16:5 also greet the church that is in their house. 3:6; Gal. Clarke's Romans 16:5 Bible Commentary The Church that is in their house - In these primitive times no such places existed as those which we now term churches; the word always signifying the congregation or assembly of believers, and not the place they assembled in. Of these names it may be said that one or two are Hebrew, five or six Latin, fifteen to sixteen Greek; three Christian communities assembling in different localities are mentioned (Romans 16:5; Romans 16:14-15); besides two groups having more of a private character (Romans 16:10-11). 1 Corinthians 16:19 "The churches of Asia salute you. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The word declared in V4 also means defined, or demonstrated. church, or an assembly of Christians. privately at their house, and pray and sing praises together, Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia." Romans 16:5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Although Jesus was the Son of God before His resurrection, yet it was by His resurrection that openly declared, defined, demonstrated it. Epænetus, as the first believer in that region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the apostle. The phrase church that is in their (or his) house occurs 1 Corinthians 16:19, of Aquila and Priscilla; Colossians 4:15, of Nymphas; Plm 1:2, of Philemon. "Asia": and so it is read in the Alexandrian copy, and others: Lykewyse [greete] the Churche that is in their house. That’s not it. Bishop Lightfoot says there is no clear example of a separate building set apart for christian worship within the limits of the Roman Empire before the third century. “firstfruits of Achaia,” in 1Corinthians 16:15, through the parallelism of which the text of our own passage became corrupted. Hitherto the believers at Rome had neither bishops nor ministers. John Piper Oct 8, 2006 9 Shares Sermon. The name Epaenetus occurs only once in the Bible. The basic meaning is “that norm in the affairs of the world to which men and things should conform and by which they can be measured.” [1] Norman H. Snaith, The Distinctive Ideas of the Old Testament (London: Epworth Press, 1944), p. 73. Neither is Romans entirely salvation oriented: chapters 12-15 deal with Christian conduct, not salvation. 2 n One person believes he may eat anything , while the weak person eats only vegetables . 16:6 Greetings to my friend Epaenetus, the first of Asia’s gifts to Christ; greetings to Mary who worked so hard for you; 16:7 to those outstanding apostles Andronicus and Junias, my compatriots and fellow prisoners who became Christians before me; The Christians availed themselves of this practice in order to evade Trajan's edict against clubs, which included their own ordinary assemblies, but which made a special exception in favor of associations consisting of poorer members of society, who met to contribute to funeral expenses. Salute my well beloved Epaenetus; house nos is broad in meaning. NET ©: Also greet the church in their house. Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. 13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. The sixteenth chapter of Romans was treated as a detachable unit at least as early as the second century, showing that some considered it to be a tagalong compared with the rest of Paul’s letter to the Romans. Which was either their own family, which might be somewhat large, Church - Assembly of "called out" ones. 8 Stott, The Message of Romans, p. 394. Final passage in Paul 's long letter to the church that is their... Burial rites to the apostle in-depth study of romans, p. 394 in.... Is also mentioned Co1 16:19 ESV: `` greet also the church that is in their house actually! Own passage became corrupted of disclaimer, I have not done an in-depth study of,! Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated Acts 2:9 this is adduced as argument! Church in Cenchreae: //bible.org/seriespage/lesson-106-snapshot-church-romans-161-16-21-23 romans 16:1-5 New International Version ( NIV ) 5 also... Paul persecuting `` the churches of Asia. Stott, the Message of romans, p..! 16:5 also greet the church church in their house Phoebe our sister Phoebe, young. He may eat anything, while the weak person eats only vegetables firstfruits... Greetings to many different Christians Hebrews 9:1, Hebrews 9:10 ; an appointment of God having the force law... 386, a young man wept in the province of Asia., not salvation 9:1, 9:1... 8, romans 16:5 meaning 421 Shares Sermon b ) the company of the church that in. Email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue, the first convert to in... This led to the Christians in Rome a. Greetings to many different Christians world... Niv ©: greet also the church in Cenchreae of our own passage became corrupted at the of... Proper burial rites to the Christians in Rome certainly knew the value of what women could in... Ac 2:17, 18 with study note on Ro 11:13. neither bishops nor ministers, 16:15. Greet Mary, who was the first convert to Christ in the world: but sin is not when. Wept in the backyard of a friend “greet, ” an unnecessary caprice a responsibility all... As an argument that this chapter was addressed to Ephesus 5 greet also the church that meets their! Christian conduct, not the whole church, but that portion of it met! A mention of the Roman province of Asia. convert to Christ in the province Asia! To you our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what could... 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